2014 December – US President Barack Obama and Raul Castro begin to repair ties and diplomatic relations after being at a standstill for 50 years, a major milestone in Cuban history. Hatuey is burned at the stake. 1.9 million tourists visited Cuba in 2003, predominantly from Canada and the European Union, generating revenue of US$2.1 billion. 2002 January – The US sends prisoners captured during operations in Afghanistan to Guantanamo Bay for questioning of Al-Qaeda suspects. Cuba's population is estimated at about 20,000, of which about The most complete and user-friendly resource for Cuban history, from just before Spanish conquest all the way to present times. Facing certain electoral defeat, he led a military coup that preempted the election. many pirate raids on the island. Popular opinion in the U.S., fueled by an active press, concluded that the Spanish were to blame and demanded action. 2000 December – Russian President Vladimir Putin visits Cuba, and the two countries sign a series of bilateral agreements. Oct 28, 1492. The U.S., however, maintained its own sanctions. Open corruption and oppression under Batista's rule led to his ousting in January 1959 by the 26th of July Movement, which afterwards established communist rule under the leadership of Fidel Castro. In 1529, a measles outbreak in Cuba killed two-thirds of those few natives who had previously survived smallpox. An exiled dissident named José Martí founded the Cuban Revolutionary Party in New York in 1892. After Castro captured Santa Clara, Batista fled with his family to the Dominican Republic on 1 January 1959, Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and a nuclear war nearly broke out during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, Constitution of 1992, which is "guided by the ideas of José Martí and the political and social ideas of Marx, Engels and Lenin."

The vaccine has been available for free to the Cuban population since 2011. In the same month, Russia closes down its last military base in Cuba at Lourdes. At this time there are six Christian towns in Cuba;

Although a smaller proportion of the population of Cuba was enslaved, at times slaves arose in revolt. Thereafter the sport proliferated. 1988 – Cuba signs an agreement with South Africa to withdraw its troops from Angola. Spain. Cuba presently holds debt in an amount estimated at $13 billion, approximately 38% of GDP. Cuba's most important mineral resource is nickel, with 21% of total exports in 2011.

The Battle of Santiago de Cuba, on 3 July 1898, was the largest naval engagement during the Spanish–American War, and resulted in the destruction of the Spanish Caribbean Squadron. 2008 December – Russia sends warships to Cuba for the first time since the Cold War.

Import and export of pharmaceutical drugs is done by the Quimefa Pharmaceutical Business Group (FARMACUBA) under the Ministry of Basic Industry (MINBAS). On 2 August 2011, The New York Times reported that Cuba reaffirmed its intent to legalize "buying and selling" of private property before the year's end. The population was more balanced between European and African than in the French and English possessions. Cuba's literacy rate of 99.8 percent is the tenth-highest globally, due largely to the provision of free education at every level. The country faced a severe economic downturn following the withdrawal of Soviet subsidies worth $4 billion to $6 billion annually, resulting in effects such as food and fuel shortages. May 14. This is seen as a radical split from the fundamental economic tenets spouted by orthodox Marxists. December. In 2015, Cuba became the first country to eradicate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis, a milestone hailed by the World Health Organization as "one of the greatest public health achievements possible". The crisis was resolved with the Americans agreeing to remove their missiles in Turkey if the Soviet Union removed the ones in Cuba. established in Havana. Required fields are marked *. 1994 – Cuba and the US reach an agreement that allows for 20,000 Cubans to migrate to the US every year, which was a first in Cuban history. …and communist countries such as Cuba, China, and the Soviet Union; endorsed anticolonial rebellions in southern Africa; and deepened ties with the Non-Aligned Movement. In 2010 , Cubans were allowed to build their own houses. …he had found it in Cuba, where he landed on October 28, but he convinced himself by November 1 that Cuba was the Cathay mainland itself, though he had yet to see evidence of great cities. The end of the thaw under the Trump Administration has resulted in a tightening of travel restrictions, making it harder for U.S. citizens to travel to Cuba for treatment. He

May 2018. He apparently hoped that these missiles, once in place, could then serve as a bargaining chip in negotiations leading to a neutralized Germany, which in turn might help Moscow persuade the Chinese to cease…, The war originated in the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895.

It was not until 1958 that Castro's July 26th Movement emerged as the leading revolutionary group. Religious freedom increased through the 1980s, with the government amending the constitution in 1992 to drop the state's characterization as atheistic. 1511 – Spain begins conquering Cuba under the leadership of Diego de Velazquez, who established Baracoa. Landowner Amador de Lares gets permission to bring four African slaves from According to the official census of 2010, Cuba's population was 11,241,161, comprising 5,628,996 men and 5,612,165 women. The middle class, which was comparable to that of the United States, became increasingly dissatisfied with unemployment and political persecution. In 1961 the Cuban government had imposed broad restrictions on travel to prevent the mass emigration of people after the 1959 revolution; it approved exit visas only on rare occasions. Cuba's major exports are sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus fruits, and coffee; imports include food, fuel, clothing, and machinery. Experts say this is the most significant shift to the private sector since 1959. From 1975 until the late 1980s, Soviet military assistance enabled Cuba to upgrade its military capabilities. 1991 – After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Soviets pull their military advisers out of Cuba.
Juan Ponce de León discovers and sails along The Cuban Missile Crisis (October 1962) almost sparked World War III. Hispanolia is Dominican Republic and Haiti. Arrived at Baracoa eastern point of Cuba. …title to Jess Willard in Cuba on April 5, 1915. In the same month, former US president Jimmy Carter goes to Cuba as a goodwill trip to put an end to the claims. March - April. 1961 – Diplomatic relations between Washington and Havana end. The Somalis then took advantage of the turmoil—perversely, from Moscow’s point of view—to reassert old claims to the Ogaden region of Ethiopia and to invade, while Eritrean rebels also took up arms against Addis Ababa. Today, Cuba has universal health care and despite persistent shortages of medical supplies, there is no shortage of medical personnel. April 22.

Removed it England but not in Cuba, slavery was removed until the end of the 19th century. Formulated by the secretary of war, Elihu Root, the amendment was presented to the Senate by Sen. Orville H. Platt of Connecticut. Palgrave Macmillan. John F. Kennedy in the quarantine against the shipment of Soviet missiles to Cuba. The head of the commission stated that long prison sentences were being replaced by harassment and intimidation. The remaining positions are filled by candidates nominally without party affiliation. The Platt Amendment ends US military presence in Cuba but allows the US to intervene in Cuban affairs. The Castillo del Morro is completed. 1478. Some of these….

Isolated from the West by the US embargo, Cuba developed the successful lung cancer vaccine, Cimavax, which is now available to US researchers for the first time, along with other novel Cuban cancer treatments. Martí recorded his political views in the Manifesto of Montecristi. 2008 July – The government eases restrictions on private ownership of land for farmers so the country can become less dependent on food imports. for the occupation of Cuba and for his "humane treatment of the The Americans and Cubans began a brutal siege of the city, which surrendered on 16 July after the defeat of the Spanish Caribbean Squadron. Isles. Throughout the decade the FSLN and the state gradually merged into a single entity that represented the interests of the National Directorate, the FSLN’s leadership structure. The invasion was financed and directed by the U.S. government. Earlier in the same year, the White House announced that President Obama would remove Cuba from the American government's list of nations that sponsor terrorism, which Cuba reportedly welcomed as "fair". In 2003, the government arrested and imprisoned a large number of civil activists, a period known as the "Black Spring". The "Real Colegio Seminario de San Carlos y San Ambrosio" is 2010 July – Raul Castro decides to free 52 dissidents in a deal between the Church and Spain, and several go into exile. issued secretly by the Pope in August 1493, virtually abolishes the Demarcation The region laying east of this line is to be settled by the Portuguese, Cuba considers the embargo itself a violation of human rights.

Spanish arrival). de Narváez. monopoly, and a general purchasing agency (Estanco de Tobacco) is established According to the United Nations, the hurricane demolished nearly 100,000 hectares of crops. As of 2013 its reserves were estimated at 5.5 million tons, over 7% of the world total. 2008 September – Hurricanes Gustav and Ike break the country’s record in wreaking the most havoc, leaving 200,000 Cuban homeless. Spain's alliance with the French pitched them into direct conflict with the British, and in 1762 a British expedition of five warships and 4,000 troops set out from Portsmouth to capture Cuba. On 18 May 1539, Conquistador Hernando de Soto departed from Havana at the head of some 600 followers into a vast expedition through the Southeastern United States, starting at Florida, in search of gold, treasure, fame and power.

2012 October – Raul Castro announces that the eastern part of Santiago received the worst of Hurricane Sandy, leaving 11 people dead and inflicting damage on 188,000 homes. Government spending is 78.1% of GDP. Because the embargo on trade with Cuba was codified in U.S. law, rescinding it would require congressional action; however, by May 2015 ferry service between the United States and Cuba had been authorized, and the…, …between the United States and Cuba that had been suspended in January 1961.

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