They grow to an average height of 15 feet a 10-foot spread. Small, dark green leaves turn rich, burgundy-red in winter for cool season interest.

What Does it Do?

This species of holly is also called Michigan holly, Canada holly, fever bush, and black alder. We only link books and other products that we think would be useful to our readers. A 2014 University of Florida study indicates that the vomitoria misnomer could be to blame for yaupon's lack of popularity. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape.

As soon as the first frost of the winter season hits them, their purplish green foliage turns all black. The species may be distinguished from the similar Ilex cassine by its smaller leaves with a rounded, not acute apex. This is a female cultivar that belongs to the blue holly group and is marked by its dark green leaves that are super glossy, moderately spiny and give off a kind of a bluish cast. This type of holly is best known as a drought-tolerant tree and is native to the southeastern United States. The active ingredients, like those of the related yerba mate and guayusa plants, are caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline;[10][11] the vomiting may have resulted from the great quantities in which they drank the beverage, coupled with fasting. It’s really easy to harvest the leaves by grabbing the stem near the trunk and sliding your hand outward stripping them off. The leaves sport a dark green color and their shape ranges from oval to elliptical. The flowers produced by this plant are often greenish white in color and they are usually formed in clusters of white with prominent green centers. Ilex vomitoria, commonly known as yaupon (/ˈjɔːpɒn/) or yaupon holly, is a species of holly that is native to southeastern North America. Like many other holly varieties, Chinese holly is a broadleaf evergreen which means that it doesn’t have a specific color in the fall. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. They are commonly native to the British Isles, and southern and central Europe. This species of the holly family can also be found growing along the coastal plain that extends from North Carolina to Texas. General information: The botanical name for this particular specie of holly is Ilex vomitoria nana or Dwarf Yaupon Holly. it is more of a vice than chocolate in New Spain.'". Affiliate Disclaimer: In some cases, we use affiliate links, which means we get a small (tiny) commission if you make a purchase after clicking a link. Make sure you put something like a sheet pan underneath to catch the leaves that will inevitably fall from the stem. Yaupon holly is associated with a few names; the black drink, the white drink, cassine, cassina, and of course its Latin name, Ilex vomitoria. More than 400 holly varieties grow worldwide.

Different Varieties of Holly Bushes and Trees. Yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) is an evergreen tree or shrub that's native to coastal areas of the south/southeastern United States. 'Pride of Houston' – female clone similar to type but featuring improvements in form, fruiting, and foliage. The plant is also widely used for landscaping in its native range. [5][6][7][8][9], I. vomitoria occurs in the United States from the Eastern Shore of Virginia south to Florida and west to Oklahoma[8] and Texas. 'Nana'/'Compacta' – dwarf female clone usually remaining below 1 m in height. Female trees make toxic berries which remain on the shrub through fall and winter. It prefers full sun and well-drained, humus-rich and moderately fertile soils in order to grow to perfection. copyright © 2010-2020 Wild Edible, all rights reserved | Privacy Policy | Terms & Conditions. They are commonly grown as ornamental plants given the bright red berries they produce that look stunning against the dark green leaves. Many people from back in the days also considered holly to be a substitute for tea. Compared to other hollies, the Common Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) is not an evergreen variety. The wood of the holly tree is tight-grained and extremely robust which it holds a great value since historic times in terms of its uses for furniture making. English Holly is a tall, evergreen tree with stunning foliage that is glossy and leathery.

This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 05:33. Widely grown hollies include American hollies (Ilex opaca), English hollies (Ilex aquifolium), Yaupon hollies (Ilex vomitoria), and Japanese hollies (Ilex crenata). Ilex vomitoria, commonly known as yaupon (/ ˈ j ɔː p ɒ n /) or yaupon holly, is a species of holly that is native to southeastern North America. These trees produce small white-green colored flowers that appear on the plant sometime during late March or early April. American holly is largely cultivated to be used as a broadleaf ornamental plant by most plant nurseries. Yaupon, a native American holly shrub, is gaining new attention in research and agriculture as a locally sourced, drought-resistant crop that can make a tea rich in caffeine and antioxidants. The fruit is a small round, shiny, and red (occasionally yellow) drupe 4–6 mm diameter containing four pits, which are dispersed by birds eating the fruit. There are about 480 deciduous and evergreen species within this genus, including trees, shrubs, and climbing lianas.

Is Bark Mulch Good for Gardens? [3] Another common name, cassina, was borrowed from Timucua[4] (despite this, it usually refers to Ilex cassine).
This tree is often even referred to as ‘box-leaved holly’ due to the fact that its leaves are quite similar in appearance to those of boxwood shrubs. [2] The word yaupon was derived from the Catawban yą́pą, from yą- tree + pą leaf. Other than the holy sentiments attached to the holly tree, the traditional holly (Ilex aquifolium) has always been admired for its bright red berries, and lush green foliage.

The red berries are taken to be the blood that Jesus once shed on the day he was crucified. It's easier to identify yaupon hollies in the fall when they have berries, which can be red, orange, or yellow.

A disjunct population occurs in the Mexican state of Chiapas. It's a close cousin of the South American yerba maté (Ilex paraguariensis), and tea made from parched yaupon leaves tastes similar to yerba maté and the caffeine content is similar. [5], Native Americans brewed the leaves and stems to brew a tisane, commonly thought to be called asi or black drink for male-only purification and unity rituals. Hollies are truly iconic plants that are often associated with symbols of hope and rebirth. Carolina holly grows to an average height of 15 to 20 feet and prefers growing under full sun to partially shaded conditions. Several birds and animals also enjoy these plants and are attracted to their gorgeous colors. The leaves of this tree are quite glossy and oval in shape with fine-toothed margins. So, the Druids began to hang hollies in their homes as a way to protect themselves from evil and also bring in good luck and good times. All these unique and fascinating qualities of the holly tree eventually led the Druids to believe that the tree consisted of some magical and spiritual powers. They are the standard type of evergreen hollies that are found in most garden centers and nurseries. For ages, the conventional theory has been that Ilex vomitoria was named for its purported emetic properties which were witnessed in Native American ceremonies wherein Indians would drink the black drink and then purge or vomit. It's fairly easy to identify by its light, whitish-gray smooth trunk and stems, and by its small, shiny dark green leaves. Use fresh or dried yaupon leaves for a tea that tastes more like green tea, or use parched or roasted leaves for a smokier tea that tastes more like yerba maté. Mood House by GOKOSTUDIO, Architecture and Interior Design. But due to yaupon's popularity historically as a Native American cultivated crop and currently as a hardy landscaping plant, yaupon can occur at higher elevations as far inland as the North Carolina mountains. ... Yaupon holly (Ilex Vomitoria) is a small evergreen shrub that is characterized by its red berries and green leaves that create a wonderful landscape. The berries of this tree are a stunning bright and glossy red that adds great beauty to the entire winter landscape; however, these species are not used as commonly as the rest for Christmas holiday decorations. The leaves of this tree are quite rectangular in shape with three lobes sticking up that have spines on them. This holly variety is also called deciduous holly and is greatly known for its ability to handle the cold weather better than its other species. The Latin name comes from an incorrect belief by Europeans that the plant caused vomiting in certain ceremonies. People also used to extract the juice out of fresh holly leaves as a treatment for extreme jaundice. ‘Bordeaux’ is a dwarf cultivar of the native yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria).

Their symbolism is one of the main reasons why they are used as such a major part of Christmas décor. Yaupon holly occurs naturally from Texas east to Florida and north to the southern part of Virginia. In their native growing locations, inkberry holly prefers woodland soils that are sandy and acidic. Their unique name is a reference to the fruits produced by this plant and its other name ‘gallberry’ has been derived from the fact that once upon a time, black ink was made with the help of galls of oaks. Holly trees and shrubs fall within the Ilex genus of plants—the only genus of the Aquifoliaceae family. This holly variety is also called evergreen winterberry, gallberry and Appalachian tea. Several companies are now selling yaupon tea commercially, so it could catch on again if we can get past the vomit association. Also known as sand holly, Carolina holly (Ilex ambigua) is native to south central and southeastern United States. It also does not produce berries. They also had another strong belief that cutting down a holly tree would bring them bad luck. The main reason behind the belief was that unlike many other plant and tree species, holly remained exceptionally strong and green. Although yaupon and yerba mate are equally high in caffeine and anti-oxidants, the scientific name of yaupon (Ilex vomitoria) caused participants to be leery of buying it, even though research indicates that yaupon is no more emetic than Ceylon tea, coffee, or cola drinks. It is also known as evergreen holly, Indian black drink, Christmas berry and Cassina. 'Pendula' – "weeping" variety. Unfortunately, though, yaupon's marketability seems to have been negatively affected by the vomit stigma. In Bartram 's Travels, William Bartram wrote, "The king conversed, drank Cassine and associated familiarly with his people and with us. It is among a very few plants endemic to North America that produce caffeine. Even in today’s time, the holly tree is considered to be sacred and Christians strongly believe that the tree is symbolic of Jesus Christ. These spines are quite similar to horns in appearance which is what gave it the name ‘horned holly’. The most striking feature of these trees is their brightly colored fruit that grows on purple stems and provides a breathtaking contrast against the dense, blue-green foliage throughout the entire winter season.

Are you ready to decorate your house with beautiful holly trees the next Christmas season? Dwarf Yaupon Holly – Ilex vomitoria nana. The flowers of this tree are heavily fragrant that bloom in the spring season and adopt a variety of shades like yellow, red and orange. The fruit produced by these trees are black in color and not as attractive as those produced by the other species in the same genus. The foliage and twigs are browsed by white-tailed deer. To air-dry yaupon leaves on the stem, hang the stems in a warm, dry area for a couple of weeks.

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